Pancreatitis, as the name implies, is a Pancreas disease which involves the inflammation of the pancreas. These are large glands which are located behind the stomach, and near the small intestine in the body. The functioning of these glands is to:
- release the enzymes to the small intestine which helps in digesting food.
- releases very important hormones; glucagon and insulin into the blood. These hormones help the body to control the food nutrients consumption by the body.
Pancreatitis can be either chronic or an acute problem. The treatment of this disease also depends on whether it is chronic or acute.
It is a sudden inflammation, generally for a short period of time. It can be just mild discomfort or even life-threatening illness. Generally, people get better and recover completely by getting proper treatment. In most severe cases, it can cause bleeding, tissue damages, along with infection and cysts.
In chronic pancreatitis, the inflammation lasts for a long time. Generally, it occurs after acute pancreatitis. Excessive alcohol consumptions is also a major cause. Initially, the symptoms will not appear after consuming alcohol, even for years, but you may suddenly experience severe pancreatitis symptoms.
Pancreatitis treatment can differ on the basis of acute and chronic pancreatitis.
The symptoms of both acute and chronic pancreatitis are quite different.
Acute Pancreatitis Symptoms are
- Abdominal Pain with fever
- Faster heart rate
- Vomiting and Nausea
- Swelling and also tenderness in the belly
- Pain in the upper part, mostly in the belly which gets worse after eating fat-containing foods.
Chronic Pancreatitis Symptoms are
The initial symptoms of chronic pancreatitis are similar to acute pancreatitis but it may include other symptoms such as.
- Recurrent pain in the belly can also be in the back. This pain would be disabling.
- Weight loss because of the diarrhoea
- Vomiting and upset stomach
Both acute and chronic pancreatitis share many of the same causes. These include:
- Excessive Alcohol Consumption
- Some particular medicines
- Pancreatic Cancer
- Cystic Fibrosis
- Surgery in Abdomen
Triglycerides or high calcium level in the blood can also lead to acute pancreatitis.
To diagnose pancreatitis, the doctor will check your blood for the two enzymes; amylase and lipase. If these enzymes are present at high levels then it indicates you are suffering from pancreatitis.
The doctor may take other tests such as:
- Pancreatic Function Tests: To determine whether the pancreas is making an appropriate amount of digestive enzymes.
- Imaging techniques such as Ultrasound, CT Scan, and MRI
- ERCP test
- Biopsy test
As earlier mentioned, the Pancreatitis treatment of both Acute and Chronic can differ in several ways.
For Acute Pancreatitis, the treatment is:
- Medicines if the pancreatitis is because of infection
- Intravenous fluids
- A low-fat diet and even fasting. In fact, a person may need to stop eating food for pancreas recovery. The nutrition is given by a feeding tube.
- Pain medicines
In some serious cases, the treatment may also include:
- ERCP to remove Bile duct stones (Blocks bile or pancreatic ducts)
- Gallbladder surgery
- Pancreas surgery
For Chronic Pancreatitis, there are more treatments which include:
- Insulin injections for treating diabetes
- Pain medicines
- Pancreatic enzymes
Complications in Pancreatitis
There can be several complications in pancreatitis, such as:
- Infection in pancreas
- Kidney failure
- Pancreatic Cancer
- Breathing problems
Are you looking for Pancreatitis treatment in Jaipur?
Then you must consult Dr Shankar Dhaka, the best pancreatitis treatment expert in Jaipur. He is an expert gastroenterologist and can provide you treatments for multiple gastro disease at his clinic Jaipur Gastro.