Gastroenteritis is the problem in the digestive system of your body due to viral or bacterial infection. The most common problems are vomiting, diarrhoea, along with abdominal pain. The stomach and intestines get irritated along with inflammation.
It is a common problem as the microbes which are responsible for gastroenteritis gets spread easily by contaminated food and water.
Gastroenteritis is mostly caused by a viral or bacterial infection, and sometimes due to parasitic infection.
- For viral infection, norovirus and rotavirus are mostly responsible.
- Bacterial infection is due to E.coli, Salmonella and Campylobacter.
- Parasitic gastroenteritis is due to Giardia.
Generally, most people suffer from a viral infection which occurs when many people get affected at same point of time, living at the same place.
Rotavirus is prevalent in infants and children while norovirus affects both children and adults.
Diarrhoea is the most common symptom of gastroenteritis. In diarrhoea, your faeces or stool become watery and there is an immediate need of defecating, urgently and frequently. Although diarrhoea is the most common cause, there may be other symptoms such as:
- Nausea or vomiting
- Pain in the abdomen along with cramps
- Fever and chills
- Appetite loss
- Fatigue and Tiredness
The symptoms will start appearing within 1-3 days after infection, depending upon the cause. Mostly, the symptoms last for two days but can persist for even 10 days.
You must consult your doctor if your symptoms are severe and duration more than 2 days. Also, if the symptoms get severe such as blood in the stool, dehydration and constant pain in the abdomen.
Dehydration can be due to excessive loss of fluid from the body. Dehydration symptoms are:
- Decreased Urine
- Urine colour will get dark
- Dry lips and mouth
- Dizziness and lethargy
The diagnosis of Gastroenteritis is usually done by examining the symptoms mostly diarrhoea. However, if the symptoms are quite severe, then the doctor may ask for a sample of your faeces to identify the cause of gastroenteritis. The doctor will check whether the cause is a viral, bacterial or parasitic infection. After the proper diagnosis, the doctor will move further to the gastroenteritis treatment.
Firstly, you must consult the doctor. The doctor will examine the symptoms and after diagnosis will provide you with proper gastroenteritis treatment. Among us, we consider every diarrhoea problem usual and believe that some ORS or electoral powder is the only gastroenteritis treatment.
However, the actual treatment depends on the symptoms. In severe cases, there can be a need for hospitalization and intravenous fluids.
There are several oral rehydration solutions but your doctor will recommend which is proper for infants, children and adults.
Apart from the medicines, you should take many precautions for relief and fast treatment. These are:
- Do not consume dairy products
- Avoid caffeine and alcohol
- Consume hydrating liquids more and more
- Eat easily digestible foods such as banana, rice, and potatoes
If you are looking for the best Gastroenteritis treatment, then you must consult the expert gastroenterologist, Dr Shankar Dhaka, at Jaipur Gastro. He is having a vast experience in the gastro diseases with a very high success rate.